TOM STROMME/Tribune Secretary of Transportation Anthony Foxx answers a question regarding increased traffic in North Dakota’s oil patch at the Queadrennial Energy Review public stakeholder meeting in Bismarck on 8-8 afternoon. Also shown from left are Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz, Sen. John Hoeven, Sen. Heidi Heitkamp, Rep. Kevin Cramer, John P. Holden, assistant to the President for science and technology and Governor Jack Dalrymple on Foxx’s right.
The debate over the volatility of Bakken crude resurfaced during a public meeting on energy policy and transportation involving two presidential Cabinet officials and state leaders Friday in Bismarck.
U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz and U.S. Department of Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx spoke before a crowd of more than 200 people at Bismarck State College’s National Energy Center of Excellence.
The meeting was one of several scheduled across the country this summer as part of President Barack Obama’s first-ever Quadrennial Energy Review. It is meant to review issues considered to be most critical in developing a national policy for energy infrastructure.
All three members of North Dakota’s congressional delegation and Gov. Jack Dalrymple also participated in a discussion.
Dalrymple, who’d signaled his intent to do so earlier this week during a North Dakota Industrial Commission meeting, questioned Foxx and Moniz on the issue of volatility of Bakken crude.
The DOT’s Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration recently released a study saying Bakken crude was more volatile than other light crudes.
“We are curious why the recent studies released by the federal government have specifically named Bakken crude,” Dalrymple said.
The Industrial Commission received a report this week by Turner, Mason and Company and SGS Laboratories saying that it’s not more volatile.
“We’re seeing some light ends in the Bakken crude that suggest a higher level of volatility than we would see in typical crude. Of course, typical crude is a wide range of different other types of crude,” Foxx said in a press conference following the discussion.
Foxx added that further research is needed.
When Dalrymple was asked if he was satisfied with Foxx’s explanation, he sought to defuse the matter.
“I think we need to stop going around in this little circle,” Dalrymple said.
He said that they could probably agree that research shows the overall characteristics of Bakken crude are in the mid-range of light crudes.
Foxx, in his remarks to the audience, said with volumes of North Dakota oil shipped by rail spiking dramatically in recent years, the need for more scrutiny is all the more important.
“The oil is being transported over long distances. The risk level is higher than we’ve seen in other parts of the country,” Foxx said. “We’ve got to raise our game on safety.”
Moniz agreed that the energy review’s current focus on infrastructure was particularly relevant to North Dakota.
“The story of North Dakota is really quite remarkable,” Moniz said. “The prospects for energy in the United States are very robust.”
Sen. Heidi Heitkamp, D-N.D., said North Dakota’s spike in energy production has outpaced infrastructure. She said infrastructure expansion will be critical as the state continues to turn into a major hub of energy production.
“When we develop that energy we need to be able to move it,” Heitkamp said. “We need to build reliable grids.” Sen. John Hoeven,
R-N.D., made the case for a states-first approach to energy oversight, calling states laboratories of democracy.
“Let’s make them the laboratories of energy,” Hoeven said. “Give the states the lead role.”
Belfield resident and the Chair of the board for Dakota Resource Council Linda Weiss was one of several members of the public who was on hand to testify Friday.
Prior to her testimony Weiss said flaring, right of way and safety are concerns of many residents across western North Dakota. She feels that residents and land are taking a back seat in the context of the development.
She said some companies “don’t do their due diligence to plan the best route” for pipelines and pit landowners against each other at times.
Weiss said rail safety has become a major concern as small towns grapple with a lack of training for their emergency responders, which could be a huge issue in the event of a major spill or incident, like recent derailments in Quebec and near Casselton.
“What if something like Casselton or Quebec (happens)? There is no way any of these small towns are prepared,” Weiss said.
(Reach Nick Smith at 701-250-8255 or 701-223-8482 or at firstname.lastname@example.org.)